Parametric Study of Polypropylene Based Geotextile Mat for Optimum Performance in Engineered Landfill Systems

Aniekan Essienubong Ikpe, Ndon Akanu-ibiam Effiong, Etuk Ekom Mike


Polypropolyene (PP) is commonly used in geotextile mat reinforcements for landfill systems due to its unique properties which must be carefully selected to ensure adequate performance of the PP material. To achieve this, supplier information for the PP material which included tensile strength, mass and thickness were simulated as input variables for twelve scenarios each using SOLIDWORKS and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) software. The goal was to minimize stress, resultant displacement and equivalent strain to avoid the catastrophic effect that may occur when the goal is opposite. In comparison to other scenarios, RSM in the 4th scenario probed the input values by indicating that input values of 1.5 mm thickness, 3110.54 g of mass and tensile strength of 33 MPa produced optimum output values of 27418 N/m2 stress, 0.000102754 mm displacement and 0.000007452 strain. Similarly in the 7th scenario, SOLIDWORKS probed the input values by indicating that input values of 1.6 mm thickness, 3110.54 g of mass and tensile strength of 33 MPa produced optimum output values of 26984 N/m2 stress, 0.000102614 mm displacement and 0.000007152 strain. The proximity observed in the selected results generated by both software indicates a level of accuracy that can sustain the service life of the PP material in landfill applications if adopted by manufacturers.


Clogging; Geotextile mat; Landfill; Leachate; Modelling; Polypropylene; Sold waste.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 151 times
PDF - 82 times

Full Text:



EPA Environmental Protection Agency, Siting, Design, Operation and Rehabilitation of Landfills. Best Practice Environmental Management. Carlton: 2014.

A. E. Ikpe, A. E. Nndon and A. U. Adoh, Modelling and simulation of high density polyethylene liner installation in engineered landfill for optimum performance, Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management, 23(3), 2019, 449-456.

P. Carey, G. Carty, B. Donlon, D. Howley and T. Nealon, Landfill Manuals Landfill Site Design. Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland: 2000.

G. Lee, L. Anne and L. Fred, Overview of Subtitle D Landfill Design, Operation, Closure and Postclosure Care Relative to Providing Public Health and Environmental Protection for as Long as the Wastes in the Landfill will be a Threat. El Macero, Canada: 2004.

S. Yedla, Modified landfill design for sustainable waste management, International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 23(1), 2005, 93-105.

H. Ramke, Leachate collection systems, Proceedings of the 1st Middle European Conference on Landfill Technology, Budapest, Hungary, 2008.

N. E. Shahabi, S. Saharkhiz, M. H. Varkiyani and S. Mohammad, Effect of fabric structure and weft density on the poisson’s ratio of worsted fabric, Journal of Engineered Fibres and Fabrics, 8(2), 2013, 63-17.

B. J. Agrawal, Geotextile: It’s application to civil engineering – Overview, National Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering and Technology, India, 2011, 1-6,

R. K. Rowe and J. F. VanGulck, Filtering and drainage of contaminated water, 4th International Conference on Geofilters, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 2004, 1-63.

R. K. Rowe and I. R. Fleming, Estimating the time for clogging of leachate collection systems, Proceedings of 3rd International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, Lisbon, Portugal, 1998, 23-28.

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM D-5567-11 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems, West Conshohocken, PA: 2011.

ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM D-4751-12 Standard Test Method for Determining Apparent Open Size of a Geotextile. West Conshohocken, PA: 2012.

D. Kada, S. Migneault, G. Tabak and A. Koubaa, Physical and mechanical properties of polypropylene-wood-carbon fiber hybrid composites, Bioresources, 11(1), 2016, 1393-1406.

M. Al-Shabanat, Study of the effect of weathering in natural environment on polypropylene and its composites: morphological and mechanical properties, International Journal of Chemistry, 3(1), 2011, 129-141.

A. F. Al-Yaqout and M. F. Hamoda, Evaluation of landfill leachate in arid climate-A case study, Environment International, 29(5), 2003, 593-600.

K. Y. Foo, L. K. Lee and B. H. Hameed, Batch adsorption of semi-aerobic landfill leachate by granular activated carbon prepared by microwave heating, Chemical Engineering Journal, 222, 2013, 259-264.

X. Long, L. He, Y. Zhang and M. Ge, Multicomponent composite emulsion treated geotextile on landfill with improved long-term stability and security, Journal of Engineering Fibres and Fabrics, 13(3), 2018, 59-70.

G. L. Hebeler, J. D. Frost and A. T. Myers, Quantifying hook and loop interaction in textured geomembrane-geotextile systems, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 23(1), 2005, 77-105.

H. N. Pitanga, J. P. Gourc and O. M. Vilar, Interface shear strength of geosynthetics: evaluation and analysis of inclined plane tests, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 27(6), 2009, 435-446.

S. C. Das, D. Paul, M. M. Fahad, T. Islam and E. H. Nizam, Geotextile-A potential technical product, Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 4(10), 2017, 337-350.

M. Ashis, Application of geotextiles in coastal protection and coastal engineering works: An overview, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 4(4), 2015, 96-103.

A. Bouazza, J. G. Zornberg and D. Adam, Geosynthetics in waste containment facilities: Recent advances, Geosynthetics, 2, 2002, 445-510.

B. J. Agrawal, Geotextile: Its application to civil engineering – Overview, National Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering and Technology, Gujarat, India, 2011.

U. P. Kelechi and O. C. Okeke, Geotextile and geomembrane: Properties, production and engineering applications, International Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 4(11), 2018, 17-32.

B. M. Bacasm, J. Cañizal and H. Konietzky, Shear strength behaviour of geotextile/geomembrane interfaces, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 7, 2015, 638-645.

M. Kutay and A. Aydilek, Filtration performance of two-layer geotextile systems, Geotechnical Testing Journal, 28(1), 2012, 79-91.

G. Ahlberg, W. Lupi, N. Parks, N. Patel and A. Shah, Hybrid geotextile design for ccr materials in landfill drainage and closure systems, World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference, Nasvhille, 2015, 1-12.

L. Zhao and M. A. Karim, Use of geosynthetic materials in solid waste landfill design: A review of geosynthetic related stability issues, Annals of Civil Environmental Engineering, 2, 2018, 6-15.

A. E. Ikpe and I. Owunna, Optimization of TIG welding input variables for AISI 1020 low carbon steel plate using response surface methodology, International Journal of Engineering Science and Application, 2(3), 2018, 114-122.

A. E. Ikpe, I. Owunna and P. O. Ebunilo, Determining the accuracy of finite element analysis when compared to experimental approach for measuring stress and strain on a connecting rod subjected to variable loads, Journal of Robotics, Computer Vision and Graphics, 1(1), 2016, 12-20.

A. E. Ikpe, I. B. Owunna and P. Satope, Design optimization of a B-pillar for crashworthiness of vehicle side impact, Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 11(2), 2017, 2693-2710.

I. B. Owunna and A. E. Ikpe, Evaluation of induced residual stresses on AISI 1020 low carbon steel plate from experimental and FEM approach during TIG welding process, Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 13(1), 2019, 4415-4433.

A. E. Ikpe, O. E. Efe-Ononeme and G. O. Ariavie, Thermo-structural analysis of first stage gas turbine rotor blade materials for optimum service performance, International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10(2), 2018, 118-130.

A. E. Ikpe and I. Owunna, Design of vehicle compression springs for optimum performance in their service condition, International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, 33, 2017, 22-34.


  • There are currently no refbacks.