Modelling and Fuzzy Logic Control of an Underactuated Tower Crane System

Liyana Ramli, Izzuddin M. Lazim, Hazriq Izzuan Jaafar, Zaharuddin Mohamed

Abstract

Tower crane is one of the flexible maneuvering systems that has been applied pervasively as a powerful big-scale construction machine. The under-actuated tower crane system has nonlinearity behavior with a coupling between translational and slew motions which increases the crane control challenge.  In practical applications, most of the tower cranes are operated by a human operator which lead to unsatisfactory control tasks. Motivated to overcome the issues, this paper proposes a fuzzy logic controller based on single input rule modules dynamically connected fuzzy inference system for slew/translational positioning and swing suppressions of a 3 degree-of-freedom tower crane system. The proposed method can reduce the number of rules significantly, resulting in a simpler controller design. The proposed method achieves higher suppressions of at least 56% and 81% in the overall in-plane and out-plane swing responses, respectively as compared to PSO based PID+PD control.

Keywords

Crane systems; Flexible system; Fuzzy logic control; Intelligent control; Single input rule module.

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