Explicit Dynamic Frontal Crash Analysis of an All-Terrain Vehicle Roll Cage

Ashwani Mittal, Anil C. Mahato, Mukesh Sharma, Arkadeb Mukhopadhyay, Arun Kumar Kadian


This work deals with the explicit dynamic frontal crash analysis of the roll cage of an All-Terrain Vehicle. The crash testing analysis is done to ensure the safety of the driver during an accident in a catastrophic event. A roll cage model of the All-Terrain Vehicle is developed as per the rules laid down by BAJA SAE INDIA for m-BAJA vehicles using SolidWorks. Thereafter, the dynamic frontal crash analysis is performed by making a collision with a rigid wall, keeping a uniform velocity of the roll cage is 40 km/h. The analysis is carried out in HyperWorks software using Radioss solver. The work established the driver safety for the proposed roll cage by analyzing the stress development, and the total deformation after the collision. It is found that Von Mises stresses of the roll cage model except a joint of Side Impact Member is lower than the permissible limit.


All-terrain vehicle; Crash analysis; Driver safety; Finite element analysis; Roll cage.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 131 times
PDF - 87 times

Full Text:



R. Soundararajan, R. Ajith, U. Sabarivasan and J. S. Mourya, A novel approach for design and analysis of an all-terrain vehicle roll cage, Materials Today: Proceedings, 45, 2021, 2239-2247.

A. F. Williams, S. L. Oesch, A. T. McCartt, E. R. Teoh and L. B. Sims, On-road all-terrain vehicle (ATV) fatalities in the United States, Journal of Safety Research, 50, 2014, 117-123.

J. Topping and S. Garland, 2013 Annual Report of ATV-Related Deaths and Injuries, Bethesda, Consumer Product Safety Commission, USA, 2015.

C. A. Jennissen, G. M. Denning and M. E. Aitken, A comprehensive report on all-terrain vehicles and youth: continuing challenges for injury prevention, Pediatrics, 150(4), 2022, e2022059280.

BAJA SAEINDIA Rulebook, 2022 Collegiate Design Series, Revision A, 16th Aug. 2021.

C. Peshin, M. Walia, P. Madhan and S. Gaikwad, Design and simulation of components of an all-terrain vehicle, SAE Technical Paper, 2020-28-0486, 2020.

D. V. Hutton, Fundamentals of Finite Elements Analysis, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited, New Delhi, 2005.

O. Prakash and A. C. Mahato, Finite element analysis of the side bolster beam of the wagon tippler, International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 15(4), 2021, 553-564.

M. T. Hamisu, U. S. Umar and A. Sa'ad, FEA and modal analysis of a damped flywheel with unbalanced masses, Applications of Modelling and Simulation, 4, 2020, 21-30.

L. H. T. That, Free vibration and buckling analyses of functionally graded porous columns by FEM, Applications of Modelling and Simulation, 6, 2022, 98-106.

P. Bral, J. P. Tripathi, S. Dewangan and A. C. Mahato, CFD analysis of an exhaust manifold for emission reduction. Materials Today: Proceedings, 63, 2022, 354-361.

C. K. Thorbole, M. Aitken, J. Graham, B. Miller and S. H. Mullins, Assessment of the dynamic behavior of a single person ATV in presence of a passenger: outcome on the rider and passenger crash impact kinematics using computational model, In ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 45271, 2012, 161-171.

U. S. Gupta, S. Chandak and D. Dixit, Design & manufacturing of all terrain vehicle (ATV)-selection, modification, static & dynamic analysis of ATV vehicle, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 20(3), 2015, 131-138.

A. S. Shridhar, A. Tukkar, A. Vernekar, V. Badderu, A. Y. Patil and B. B. Kotturshettar, Modeling and analysis of ATV roll cage, Advances in Engineering Design and Simulation, 2020, 281-292.

L. Rajeshkumar, V. Bhuvaneswari, B. Pradeepraj and C. Palanivel, Design and optimization of static characteristics for a steering system in an ATV, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 954(1), 2020, 012009.

H. Verma, S. Kumar, R. S. Bharj and R. Kumar, Design and development of the front wheel hub for all-terrain vehicle (ATV), Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 17(1), 2021, 49-62.

S. Kumar and T. Rajagopal, Braking system for ATV (No. 2020-01-1611), SAE Technical Paper, 2020.

G. Singh, A. Kumar and S. Menwal, Suspension and chassis design, and steering calculations for SAE BAJA all-terrain vehicle, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 10(2), 2023, 283-289.

S. Zagorski and G. Heydinger, Development of an electronic stability control algorithm for all-terrain vehicles, SAE Technical Paper, 2023-01-0661, 2023.

T. Safiuddeen, P. Balaji, S. Dinesh, B. M. ShabeerHussain and M. R. Giridharan, Comparative design and analysis of roll cage for automobiles, Materials Today: Proceedings, 39, 2021, 183-200.

K. C. Vora, M. R. B. Agrewale, M. M. Desai, H. Mishra and O. Narkar, Development, analysis and testing of an electric all-terrain vehicle. In 2017 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference (ITEC-India), India, 2017, 1-6.

Practical aspects of Finite Element Simulation 2021, ©Altair Engineering, Inc. https://altairuniversity.com/free-ebooks/free-ebook-practical-aspects-of-finite-element-simulation-a-study-guide/

Altair Radioss 2021 Reference Guide, ©Altair Engineering, Inc.

Introduction to Explicit Analysis with Altair RadiossTM, ©Altair Engineering, Inc. https://altairuniversity.com/free-ebooks/free-ebook-crash-analysis-with-radioss-a-study-guide/


  • There are currently no refbacks.