Analysis of Steam Line Break Accident Using PCTRAN Model of VVER-1200 NPP

Muhammed Mufazzal Hossen, Mohammad Khalaquzzaman, S. K. Anisur Rahman


The investigation of thermal-hydraulic parameters during steam-line break (SLB) accidents is performed by applying the personal computer transient analyzer (PCTRAN) simulator model of the VVER-1200 nuclear power plant (NPP). Five cases, namely, 0.005 m2 (Case-1), 0.01 m2 break (Case-2), 0.02 m2 break (Case-3), 0.04 m2 (Case-4), and 0.08 m2 (case-5) of SLB accident inside containment with the concurrent loss of AC power have been simulated. There was no variation in the timing of the trip of the reactor coolant pumps, the main feedwater pumps, or the turbine in any of the five SLB accidents. However, the reactor scram's onset time varies slightly between the five scenarios.  Pressure and temperature in the reactor coolant system (RCS) quickly reached a peak following the start of the SLB accident, fell shortly after the reactor scram, and eventually stabilized in all cases. In comparison to the larger breaks in the SLB accident, the smaller breaks result in a higher RCS temperature and pressure. After the SLB accident, the pressurizer's liquid level rises and then quickly drops in all cases. The break mass flow rate from the steam line rapidly increases until the occurrence of the reactor scram and then decreases to a stabilized value. Steam generator A has a faster rate of heat removal rate than steam generator B, and its pressure and liquid level decrease more quickly than those of steam generator B. The thermal power of the reactor, peak cladding temperature, and fuel temperature showed a rapid drop after the initiation of the SLB accident. There was no increase in these parameters from the initial state of the simulation. The radiation in the air of the reactor building and steam line was very low during the simulation period. Therefore, there was no violation of the safety aspects of the SLB accident of the PCTRAN simulation of the VVER-1200 NPP model.


PCTRAN; PWR; Steam line break accident; Steam generator, Thermal-hydraulics; VVER-1200.

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